30 eager European and US-based PhD students and postdocs joined
some 10 lecturers in Laugarvatn, Iceland, to spend two weeks
together delving into this year's topic "Climate and Volcanism", 23
August- 3 September.
The diverse background of the lecturers and students reflected the
interdisciplinary nature of the topic, bringing together
atmospheric science, aerosol chemistry and physics, geology,
glaciology, oceanography and paleoclimate.
The most challenging but exciting aspect of the theme proved to be
linking the wide range of time scales involved, from Earth's mantle
processes, via the glacial cycles and mid-ocean ridge volcanism to
the rapid sequence of events following a single volcanic
When not listening and discussing the latest scientific buzz about
how volcanoes affect climate and vice versa (!), students were
working hard on group projects on tephra, lake sediments, mid-ocean
ridges and sea level, causality and volcanic aerosols.
Throughout the two weeks, we were blessed by unbelievably good
weather. This provided great conditions for several field
excursions around central and southern Iceland, including vast lava
fields, natural hot springs and glaciers.
The Bjerknes Centre was well represented by Kerim Nisancioglu,
Tore Furevik, Øyvind Paasche, Haflidi Haflidasson, Bjarte Hannisdal
(lecturers), Ragna Breines (head of logistics), Lander Crespo,
Erwin Lambert, Nora Loose, Henning Åkesson and Lea Oppedal
Henning Åkesson, PhD student. Photo credit: Ragna